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  • Daria Rychlik

Empowering Whistleblowers: A Closer Look at international Legal

Whistleblowing plays a key role in maintaining ethical standards in organizations. It involves employees disclosing information about inappropriate behavior they witness at work. In the European Union, the legal act regulating the protection of whistleblowers is Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2019 on the protection of persons who report breaches (EU) 2019/1937. This directive sets out definitions of breaches, details on how to report breaches and the role of the reporting person. There you will find a lot of information about the protection of people who come forward with information.

Implementation in the EU

Despite the directive, its full implementation in all EU countries, e.g. Poland, is still in progress. The directive obliges states to establish mechanisms to support whistleblowers. There are several applications already available on the market that can help companies comply with the directive, ensuring a smoother whistleblowing process.

Data Protection and Whistleblowing Process

The processing of personal data of persons reporting violations to the employer is of key importance in the whistleblowing process. These principles are regulated by Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/ 46/EC. Compliance with EU Regulation (EU) 2016/679 is essential to protect the privacy of individuals involved in the whistleblowing process.

Protecting Whistleblowers

Providing protection to whistleblowers is a very important issue emphasized by legal provisions. The directive prohibits all forms of retaliation against a whistleblower, including suspension, dismissal, dismissal, demotion or withholding of promotion and training. It is equally important to maintain confidentiality regarding the whistleblower's identity, which emphasizes the employer's obligation to provide protection to people reporting violations.

The Significance of Whistleblowing in the USA

In the United States, whistleblowing holds significant importance in uncovering unlawful activities. It serves as a vital tool for the government and employers to identify and address legal violations. The U.S. Department of Labor's website provides comprehensive information on whistleblower protection, highlighting the government's commitment to fostering an environment where individuals feel safe reporting misconduct.


Whistleblowing is a powerful mechanism for maintaining integrity in organizations, and legal frameworks in both the European Union and the United States emphasize its importance. As we navigate the changing whistleblower protection landscape, it is critical that whistleblower well-being is at the forefront. These people play an important role in revealing misconduct.

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